By Richard Bohart & Lionel Stange
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Additional info for A revision of the genus Zethus Fabricius in the Western Hemisphere (Hymenoptera: Eumenidae)
Juenger and Bergelson (2000) also reported similar results in compensatory responses to herbivory. Genetic variation in induced plant responses may be widespread in natural plant populations (Zangerl and Berenbaum 1990; van Dam and Vrieling 1994; Agrawal et al. 2002; Bingham and Agrawal 2010; Snoeren et al. 2010). Overall, plant traits should be ubiquitously controlled by genotype-by-environment interactions (G × E), in which the presence or absence of a particular herbivore can alter the mean and variance of a phenotype within and between plant populations through herbivore-induced plant responses.
In: Torres E, Ayala M (eds) Biocatalysis based on heme peroxidases. Springer, Berlin Chapter 2 Insect–Plant Interactions in Plant-based Community/Ecosystem Genetics Abstract Plant traits are fundamental for characterize population, community, and ecosystem properties in a terrestrial ecosystem. , community/ecosystem genetics). On the other hand, we should recognize that herbivores modify plant traits and greatly influence their impacts in determining such community and ecosystem pro perties through direct and indirect interactions.
Although each of these processes (diffuse co-evolution process and plant-soil feedback process) has yet to be rigorously examined, integrating the two processes is a challenging and novel approach to understanding the evolution of antiherbivore defenses of plants. For example, the following questions are important to understand the evolution of antiherbivore defensive traits of plants in the community and ecosystem context: (1) How does community structure of herbivores influence ecosystem processes?
A revision of the genus Zethus Fabricius in the Western Hemisphere (Hymenoptera: Eumenidae) by Richard Bohart & Lionel Stange