By Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
This ebook provides the findings of a research into the social shaping of reproductive genetics in Germany and Israel, highly fascinating social settings, which percentage a demanding historical past.
Based on quite a few empirical fabrics (including in-depth interviews with genetic counsellors and survey info on their practices and evaluations, in addition to research of criminal, non secular, specialist and media texts), the learn finds dramatic modifications among the best way that the German and Israeli societies handle the query of a existence (un)worthy of residing: whereas in Germany, social, cultural, spiritual and criminal stipulations limit the choice of embryos in keeping with prenatal analysis, in Israel they strongly motivate it.
A shut comparative research of the ways in which those societies deal with the fragile stability among the standard and sanctity of lifestyles illuminates the talk round reproductive genetics in an unique and provocative method. The research is usually cutting edge in its use of latest social concept in regards to the politics of lifestyles in comprehending the diversities among societies situated at contrary extremes of their adoption of reproductive genetics. It therefore bargains an unique cross-cultural dialogue relating present-day techno-medical manipulations of lifestyles itself.
‘This is a different and brave booklet. Yael Hashiloni-Dolev studied the sphere of reproductive genetics in Israel and Germany, and located out that whereas in Germany social, cultural, criminal and non secular stipulations limit the choice of embryos in keeping with prenatal analysis, it's strongly inspired in Israel. This unforeseen discovering is brilliantly analyzed through the writer. hence this glorious e-book needs to be learn and mentioned through social scientists, human geneticists, genetic counsellors, bio ethicists and clinical students.'
Benno Müller – Hill, Dr. rer. nat. em. Prof. on the Institute of Genetics of the college of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
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Extra info for A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany
The late Dorothy Wertz allowed me to use their raw data, from which I extracted and re-coded this study’s first database. The second database, which corresponds to the first one, contains the answers to a questionnaire that replicates parts of the original study and which I distributed and collected in both countries in 2000–01 N = 88 . The First Survey In Wertz’s study, in each of the 37 surveyed nations, a local geneticist compiled a list of practising geneticists and distributed and collected the anonymously answered questionnaires.
Which was followed by an incisive discussion among German politicians and public figures (Prainsack, 2006a). In the interviews, German counselors repeatedly brought up this subject, although it belonged only to the outskirts of my research interests. Yet, it does illuminate once again the extreme caution with which genetic matters are treated in Germany, as opposed to the seemingly “non-issue” treatment they receive in Israel’s public opinion, laws, politics and media, which to my great surprise, did not cover the German-Israeli stem cell story at all.
Rather, I will provide a thick description (Geertz, 1973) of the culture of medical genetics in the two nations under study, as it is manifested in shared symbolic systems such as legal decisions, religious doctrine, public discussion, counselor’s opinions, the opinions of the disabled and scientific mentalité. To sum up: in this book I will show how scientific and technological knowledge is being played out against a background of national differences. In order to do that, I turn the focus to cultural logics of justification and to the moral discourse concerning the application of genetic methods during pregnancy in two nations, which is part of a larger question about the cultural meaning of “life” in our technological era.
A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany by Yael Hashiloni-Dolev